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Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

It is generated from use of various electrical and electronic equipment in private households and by corporate users (commercial waste). 

The following categories of WEEE could be identified:

  • Large household appliances e.g. fridges, cookers, microwaves, washing machines, dishwashers
  • Small household appliances e.g. vacuum cleaners, irons, toasters, coffe-machines
  • IT and telecommunications equipment – e.g. computers, printers, copying equipment, phones, servers
  • Consumer equipment e.g. radios, TV, hi-fi equipment, camcorders, musical instruments
  • Lighting equipment e.g. straight and compact fluorescent tubes and high intensity discharge lamps
  • Electrical and electronic tools – e.g. drills, saws and sewing machines, electric lawnmowers
  • Toys, leisure and sports equipment e.g. electric trains, games consoles and running machines
  • Medical devices e.g. (non infected) dialysis machines, analysers, medical freezers and cardiology equipment
  • Monitoring and control equipment e .g. smoke detectors, thermostats and heating regulators
  • Automatic dispensers e.g. hot drinks dispensers and money dispensers

WEEE is one of the fastest growing waste stream in Ukraine. There is no reliable data about actual volumes of WEEE generating in Ukraine. Such information is not specially collected either by State Statistics Service or Ministry of Ecology.  Also there is no legal requirements for WEEE data reporting for municipal authorities or waste management companies. This waste flow is hidden among solid and probably hazardous waste and currently is not available for assessment.

There is no law requirements for private households to collect WEEE separately and to provide it for treatment. However, legal entities are obliged to depreciate their electronic and electrical equipment and provide it for recycling after retirement to the licensed waste management companies.

WEEE  management in Ukraine is institutionally fragmented which means that different governmental bodies, regional, environment and health authorities, private business have taking independently some of the responsibilities for the WEEE. The coverage and quality of WEEE service provision is differs depending of the region. Information about production capacity of waste management companies is unknown.

Separate collection system for WEEE is not established.

However Ukrainian government is undertaking a stepwise approach to solving the problem of WEEE management.

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