This project is funded by the European Union

 
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FAQ

What is the European Neighbourhood Instrument - ENI?
The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the key financial and cooperation instrument for the neighbourhood countries in 2014-2020. It replaces a previous instrument - the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) - which financed the EU assistance in 2007-2013. The total ENI budget is EUR 15 billion (in current prices) for the whole period (2014-20) which is comparable to the previous period, if we take inflation into account.
Will EU assistance to other countries be reduced due to reinforced assistance to Ukraine in 2014?
At this stage, the European Commission does not envisage any modification of planned multi-annual allocations for country or regional programmes. Planned assistance for Moldova and Georgia in 2014 – which will have a significant focus on supporting the implementation of the AA/DCFTA – will not be affected at all.
Given the instability of the political situation in Ukraine, how can the Commission assess the good utilisation of funds released?
As far as the European Commission is concerned – our headquarter services together with the EU delegation on the ground are following very closely the situation in Ukraine and monitor with a particular attention the implementation of commitments contained in the Financing Agreements signed by both parties. Clear rules and procedures allow us to have an assurance that resources are used and managed appropriately. Sound financial management, transparency and accountability are key in the EU external assistance.
Will the EU provide support to civil society in Ukraine?
Support to civil society is a key priority of the Neighbourhood policy and the Eastern Partnership. In Ukraine, in addition to ongoing support to civil society, the European Commission has adopted a new action for 2014 – described above ‘Support to Civil Society’ programme of EUR 10 million. Support under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) and the Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities thematic programme will also continue. Since the creation of the European Neighbourhood Policy, the European Union has been constantly providing support for civil society in Ukraine – from 2004 to 2006 this assistance amounted to about EUR 6 million, while for the period 2007-2013 commitments for civil society reached EUR 25 million with 80% increase on annual basis. The support to civil society will further increase in a period 2014-2014.
What steps are taken to effectively coordinate international donors' assistance to Ukraine?
The High Level Meeting on Ukraine took place on 8 July to discuss the donor coordination structures. The participants, including the European Union, EU Member States, Ukraine, other donor countries, international organisations, International Financial Institutions and civil society discussed the key short and medium term priorities for Ukraine, donors’ plans and the most appropriate mechanisms for coordinating donors' assistance to support Ukraine's reform process. Possible future Donors and Investors Conference to further support these efforts has also been discussed. Joint conclusions: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-14-469_en.htm
What is the international donors’ coordination mechanism, proposed in the support package?
The High Level Meeting on Ukraine took place on 8 July to discuss the donor coordination structures. The participants, including the European Union, EU Member States, Ukraine, other donor countries, international organisations, International Financial Institutions and civil society discussed the key short and medium term priorities for Ukraine, donors’ plans and the most appropriate mechanisms for coordinating donors' assistance to support Ukraine's reform process. Possible future Donors and Investors Conference to further support these efforts has also been discussed. Joint conclusions: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-14-469_en.htm
What is "the European agenda for reform"?
"The European agenda for reform" is a guiding document listing key immediate priorities agreed between the government of Ukraine and the European Commission. The document provides basis for actions of Support Group for Ukraine. Agenda: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/neighbourhood/documents/ ear - version 4 july - clean.pdf
What are the goals of the Support Group for Ukraine?
Immediate short-term priorities (until end 2014) of the Support Group include identification and coordination of the technical assistance needed to stabilise the fragile situation in Ukraine; plan and implement reforms to boost growth; identify reform priorities and advance the reforms necessary to ensure that immediate benefits can be obtained from the EU offer (Association Agreement/DCFTA and Visa Liberalisation Action Plan). The medium term goal (from 2015) of the Support Group will be to further support Ukraine in the elaboration and implementation of comprehensive reform programmes. The work of the Support Group will be based on a guidance document "the European agenda for reform".
What is the Support Group for Ukraine?
On 9 April, the Commission decided to create a Support Group for Ukraine. This group, in close cooperation with other Commission Services and EEAS, will act as a focal point, providing structure and coordination for the Commission's work to support Ukraine. It will also help mobilise Member States' expertise and further enhance coordination with other donors and the International Financial Institutions. The Support Group will consist of EU officials and employees, civil servants from Member States and special advisors. It will be based in Brussels, with the staff travelling to Ukraine if necessary. Press release: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-413_en.htm
What EU assistance for Ukraine in 2014?
On 29 April, the Commission approved the Special Measure 2014 for Ukraine, accounting for EUR 365 million. It is part of the overall support package announced on 5 March. This Special Measure includes two actions: State Building Contract (EUR 355 million) and Support to Civil Society (EUR 10 million). The State Building Contract is a large bilateral programme consisting of non-reimbursable grants. The aim is to provide a quick assistance to re-establish the overall economic and financial stability. This contract will be complemented by actions aimed at supporting civil society. Press release: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-501_en.htm The Financing Agreement for the State Building Contract was signed by the President of the European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso and Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy Yatsenyuk on 13 May. And on 13 June, the European Commission has announced the first disbursement of the money from this contract, worth €250 million. Press release: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-676_en.htm
Can Ukraine benefit from the umbrella programme?
Yes, Ukraine is eligible for additional funding under the umbrella programme, provided that it makes progress in deepening democracy and respect of human rights. Umbrella programme is a rewarding mechanism providing additional financial assistance to Neighbourhood countries that deliver on reforms for deep democracy and respect of human rights. In principle, all Neighbour countries can benefit from supplementary allocations of assistance funds channelled through the umbrella programmes. These allocations are not pre-defined: they are set annually, on the basis of progress towards deep and sustainable democracy and implementation of commonly agreed reform objectives contributing to that goal.
What EU development assistance for Ukraine in 2014-2020?
The development assistance for Ukraine in the next seven years will be financed mainly through the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI). It can amount to up to EUR 1.5 billion for the whole period (2014-2020). Bilateral cooperation will be the biggest part of the ENI funding. In addition to the ENI funding, further assistance could be deployed from the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace and the Common Foreign and Security Policy budget. Since 2007, the EU has already allocated EUR 1 billion of bilateral assistance to Ukraine. This support came under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, ENPI (previous financial instrument, 2007-2013).
What part of the package would be financed from the EU budget?
Financial assistance from the EU budget could amount to approx. EUR 3 billion for 2014-2020. It includes: EU development assistance grants (up to EUR 1.5 billion), EU macro financial assistance loans (EUR 1.6 billion).
EUR 11 billion - where will this money come from?
The proposed financial assistance could be available over the next seven years from: The EU budget and, The EU-based international financial institutions: EIB and EBRD.
What are the main elements of the EU support package?
The support package proposes economic and financial measures to help stabilise the country. It is not only about money. The package offers an increased political, financial, cooperation and coordination support. It is about: Economic   and   financial   assistance   from   the   European   Commission   and   European   Financial Institutions   (European    Investment   Bank   –    EIB   and   European    Bank   for   Reconstruction   and Development - EBRD); Donor coordination: setting up a donor coordination platform; Trade and investment : provisional application of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA);  organisation of  a High  Level  Investment  Forum/Task  Force  to  explore  investment  ad cooperation possibilities; Mobility: offer of a Mobility Partnership; speed up Visa Liberalisation Action Plan; People:   support   to   education   and   contacts   between   people   (e.g.   students’   exchanges)   via programmes such as Erasmus + ; Energy  and transport:  help  Ukraine  modernise  its  gas  transition  system  and be  ready  to  help diversify its gas supply, if needed.  
How is the EU ready to support the government of Ukraine to stabilise the economic situation in the country?
An international economic support package for Ukraine has been proposed by the European Commission on 5 March 2014 and welcomed by the EU Heads of States and Governments the following day (European Council, 6 March). Short, medium and long term support measures are proposed to address challenges the country is facing, in close cooperation with international financial institutions and other possible donors. EU's readiness to work promptly with the Ukraine's government is linked to a genuine commitment from their part to political and economic reform. MEMO: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-14-159_en.htm
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